Books and Movies Reviews

Dramatic Irony in a Dolls Hous

Irony serves the purpose of accentuating a story, it also adds
to its creativity and originality. There are numerous types of
irony in the play A Doll’s House by Henrik Isben. Throughout
this work three types of irony are used, dramatic, situational,
and verbal. These three types of irony help bring out certain
conflicts within the play. These Conflicts, without irony,
wouldn;t provide readers with such enjoyable or dazzling plays
Dramatic Irony, defined by Websters Dictionary, is the
incongruity between a situation developed in a drama and the
accompanying words or actions that is understood by the audience
but not by the characters in the play A Doll’s House contains
abundant examples of dramatic irony. In A Doll’s House the
reader is aware that Nora borrowed money from Krogstad without
her husband’s permission. Nora also forged her father’s name to
gain the money. She says, “You don’t know all. I forged a name.”
In the following conversation between Nora and Christine it is
clearly stated that Torvald does not know of Nora’s actions:
“Mrs. Linde: And since then have you never told your secret to
your husband? Nora: Good heavens, no!” Another example of
dramatic irony in A Doll’s House is when Nora wants to practice
a dance called the Tarantella. When Torvald goes to look in the
letterbox Nora says, “Torvald please don’t. There is nothing in
there.” The reader knows that Nora has not forgotten the dance.
Nora then says, “I can’t dance to-morrow if I don’t practice
with you.” All Nora is trying to do is keep Torvald from reading
the mail that contains a letter from Krogstad.
Situational Irony is a discrepancy and a formation of a
situation that one would logically anticipate or that would seem
appropriate and the situation that actually develops. An example
of situational irony within A Doll’s House is when Nora leaves


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