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Denmark is a peaceful and happy nation with their ruler. The king and Queen are in love, leading happy life, a brilliant son worthy of becoming King a new king. It seems nothing could go wrong, until a tragedy occurs in Denmark castle . This tragedy is so extreme and so terrible that it breaks the whole royal family apart, and causes the young prince to go mad.
As the king was taking a nap in the garden, his brother, Claudius snuck in the garden and poured poison in the king’s ear, which killed the king quickly. After King Hamlet died, Claudius became the new king. This is where Hamlet’s revenge begins. After king Hamlet’s death young Hamlet dresses in black all the time, and he is very depressed. He is not only upset about his father s death, but he is also disappointed in his mother. Queen Gertrude goes through almost no mourning period for her husband, and quickly marries Claudius.
In this research paper, I am trying to tell the audience about Hamlet’s revenge. How Hamlet plays his role in the play. Hamlet is smart person but why does he play crazy and what is his real intention. What kind of ideas Hamlet is using to get to his father’s killer.
While Hamlet is upset about this matter, Horatio leads Hamlet to a ghost that keeps appearing outside the castle. The ghost is Hamlet s father, and it tells Hamlet that his death had in fact been murder, and that the new King of Denmark was the murderer. The serpent that did sting Hamlet s father’s life now wears his crown, (I.v.38-39). Astonished by this news, Hamlet swears and vengeance for his father s death.
Shakespeare sets the stage for Hamlet’s internal dilemma in the play of Hamlet when the ghost of Hamlet’s father appears and calls upon Hamlet to “revenge his foul and most unnatural murder” (I.IV.24). It is from this point forward that Hamlet must struggle with the dilemma of whether or not to kill Claudius, his uncle, and if so when to actually do it. As the play progresses, Hamlet does not seek his revenge when the opportunity was there, and it is the reasoning that Hamlet uses to justify his delay that becomes unusual to the reader’s understanding of the effect that Hamlet’s mental perspective has on his situation.
Critics say’s Hamlet is a very very smart person. We learn, at the beginning of the play, that he is just coming back from a university in Wittenberg. Throughout the play, all Hamlet wants to do is go back to the university. His education causes him to have a questioning attitude, which plays a huge role in the whole play.
Hamlet is a kind of person that, contemplates every action, prepares for the reaction, and also weighs the consequences. When the ghost presents Hamlet with the information about his father s death, he quickly begins to wonder whether he should believe the apparition, or not? Since he is a scholar, Hamlet is more likely to think through, rather than act immediately. (Rosenberg I.V 89-93)
Hamlet: ability to see through people
When Claudius sends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlet s friends, to try and find the cause for his son s madness, Hamlet quickly finds out his friends real intentions. Hamlet does not want them to know anything about the ghost and the revenge, infect Hamlet instructs them to report to Claudius that he is upset with the whole situation, and that he senses something is foul in Denmark.
Critics show that Hamlet has the ability to manipulate and see through people. Hamlet uses this power to perform throughout the whole play. Right after seeing the ghost, Hamlet tells Horatio and Marcellus not to let anyone know that he is pretending to be mentally deranged. Here as before, never, so help you mercy, how strange or odd some er I bear myself, that you, at such times seeing me, never shall know aught of me this do swear, (I.v.169-179).
This brilliant idea will provide Hamlet with the ability to perform very strange and unusual acts, and will not be questioned for it. Hamlet is so smart that he does not randomly starts accusing people of murder, otherwise Hamlet will interrupts a big dinner, or if he says things that are very inappropriate, nobody will realize what his true intentions are, and people will think Hamlet is crazy.
Hamlet uses this scheme to pursue his revenge on Claudius. Revenge causes one to act through anger, rather than reason. It is based on the principle of, An eye for an eye. This is what Hamlet wants to avenge his father s death, by killing Claudius.
Hamlet: Delaying the killing of Claudius:
Again Hamlet is very smart man, he what’s to take the revenge An eye for an eye. Hamlet just don’t want to kill Claudius, Hamlet want’s to trap Claudius. Critics have found that cause of Hamlet’s delay in his internal meditations typically view the prince as a man of great moral integrity who is forced to commit an act which goes against his deepest principles. On numerous occasions, the prince tries to make sense of his moral dilemma through personal meditations. Another perspective of Hamlet’s internal struggle suggests that the prince have become so disenchanted with life since his father’s death that he has neither the desire nor the will to exact revenge. (74)
Hamlet: Brilliant Idea and Important part of the play
Brilliantly, Hamlet plans out an opportunity for Claudius to indicate some guilt, therefore allowing his conscience to freely carry out the murder of Claudius. Hamlet decides to change a play that will be performed in front of the King and Queen. Hamlet tells Horatio, I prithee, when thou sees that act afoot, even with the very comment of thy soul observe my uncle. If his occulted guilt do not itself unkennel in one speech, it is a damned ghost that we have seen, and my imaginations are as foul as Vulcan s stithy, (III.ii.80-86).
“Well, my lord. If he steal aught the whilst this play is playing, And ’scape detecting, I will pay the theft.” (III. ii) As the plot rises in action, Hamlet discovers enough through the play within Hamlet, known as The Mousetrap. In response to the King’s inquiry as to the name of the performance, Hamlet replies: “The Mousetrap. Marry, how? Tropically. This play is the image of a murder done in Vienna. Gonzago is the Duke’s name; his wife, Baptista. You shall see anon. ‘Tis a knavish piece of work, but what o’ that? Your Majesty, and we that have free souls, it touches us not. Let the galled jade wince, our withers are unwrung.” (Hamlet Act III sc.ii) Upon the completion of The Mousetrap, visible facial and behavioral expressions expose the no less than guilty King Claudius. When the play actually proceeds, Claudius stands up angrily, Polonaise tells the actors to stop the play, and everyone leaves, except for Hamlet and Horatio. Hamlet is pleased to finally know for sure that Claudius murdered his father, and Horatio agrees. Seemingly successful, Hamlet once again hesitates to kill. His concern was the people and the Entire State of Denmark in addition to his own clarification in the probability that the Ghost was real. As a result of the overwhelming suggestion in The Mousetrap, Claudius, ironically a man of justice himself, seeks forgiveness from God.
Coincidentally, Hamlet overhears Claudius admit in his own words, the guilt in that which King Claudius lived. “O, my offence is rank, it smells to heaven / A brother’s murder. / My Stronger guilt defeats my strong intent, / May one be pardon’d and retain the offence?” (Claudius Act III sc.iii)
This is a great example of Hamlet using his intelligence. Hamlet is pleased to finally know for sure that Claudius murdered his father, and Horatio agrees. Feeling bloodthirsty, and full of rage, Hamlet wants to kill Claudius, but Rosencrantz and Guildenstern tell him that he will not be able to see the King right now. Hamlet decides to go speak with his mother.
The ghost told Hamlet not to harm his mother, and let fate decide her future, so he figures he will not do anything to his mother. Let me be cruel, not unnatural; I will speak daggers to her, but use none, (III.iii.403-404).
This is another example of Hamlet using his intelligence to control his rage. He will not go against the ghost s words, now that he is certain that the ghost really was his father. Polonaise tells Claudius that Hamlet is on his way to Queen Gertrude s room, and that he will hide in the room to hear what Hamlet has to say. Critics are saying that this is one of the very few instances in the whole play, where Hamlet lets his rage get the best of him. Hamlet enters very angrily, and after talking to his mother for a little bit, he hears an echo from behind the arras. Hamlet thinks it is Claudius, so he runs his sword through the tapestry. To his surprise, it was Polonius, and not Claudius, that he has just killed.